Separation Of Crude Oil and Its Derivatives Spilled in seawater By Using Spinal Oxide (Environmental Aspects)
Zanies M. Saleh Shlomy, Musa M. AL Sharif Abo-adbba, Mohammed Ahmed Salem
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The purpose of this project is to provide an overview of how oil spills can impact marine ecological resources and functions, and how those resources can and functions recover by knowing the methods of treatment and removal of oil spilled in seawater , Also, the study describe the impacts of oil spills on marine life and associated wildlife, describes some of the more common impacts of oil spills on life forms associated with different ecosystems, and includes references to relevant case studies. This project includes a section, entitled "Definition of oil and its main components", and describes the properties of mineral oil and their main components, with the structure of chemical compounds in crude oil, The section entitled “Nanoparticles Use Strategy" and potential impact considers current good practice in spill response and how it is designed to minimize environmental damage (i.e. maximize the net environmental benefit of response techniques), Finally, the section entitled “Strategy for the use of nanoparticles iron oxide " examines the potential impact of the nanoparticle in current good practice in spill response and how it is designed to reduce environmental damage. Three samples of sea water were used from different Libyan regions (Gemens Seawater, Abo Sitta Port, Elbrega Anchorage), and Two samples of crude oil were used from different Libyan fields (Light, Medium). In this study, spinel oxide from cobalt ferrite nanoparticles with formula CoFe2O4 (CFO) was prepared by sol-gel method. Then obtain spinel oxide (CFO) after burning the ash components used to prepare it in air at a 600oC for two hours. Functional groups were also identified on the surface of the oxide using the infrared spectrum (FTIR). In addition, crude oil and its derivatives were diagnosed using FTIR, and the density and viscosity of crude oil and its derivatives at 15oC temperature. The possibility of using Spinal Oxide (CFO) as a absorbent material to remove crude oil and its derivatives from aqueous solutions was also studied, and used three consentration (0.01gm, 0.03gm, 0.05gm).
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